There is a kind of hypertensive nephropathy of kidney disease, kidney disease is more common in the elderly hypertensive nephropathy. Is hypertension caused by renal lesions, is a complication, serious impact on the patient's body. To understand the relative performance of hypertensive nephropathy, are of great help for the treatment and prevention of diseases.
Hypertensive nephropathy, symptom, manifestation
The symptoms of hypertensive nephropathy are not exactly the same. The types of hypertensive nephropathy are different and the symptoms are different
There are two common kinds of hypertensive nephropathy:
A benign hypertensive nephropathy: long term effect on the kidney caused by benign hypertension, mainly presented renal arteriolar sclerosis and secondary renal ischemic disease. Clinically more common in patients over the age of 50, more men than women. The longer clinical course, is an early manifestation of nocturia, urinary concentrating function, increased renal sodium excretion. The damage of renal tubular function, may be associated with microalbuminuria. Late may appear a small amount of urine protein, some patients showed moderate proteinuria and a small amount of red blood cells in urine, and kidney function loss and glomerular damage.
Second, malignant hypertension nephropathy, hypertension is the primary basis for the development of malignant hypertension, eventually lead to kidney damage. The clinical manifestations of malignant hypertension (diastolic blood pressure increased rapidly, >130mmHg), hematuria (even hematuria), urinary protein, urinary tube, (transparent tube type and tube type particles etc.), with little or no urine creatinine increased rapidly, the short term can progress to renal damage in uremia. In addition, coexisting with other organ damage such as malignant hypertension, heart enlargement, heart failure, headache, drowsiness, convulsions, coma, blurred vision, decreased vision and even sudden coma.
Patients with hypertensive nephropathy, many people have eyelid or edema of lower limbs, heart boundary expanding. Some patients will often have a headache, dizziness symptoms, sometimes have a heavy head or neck in close feeling. After years of clinical observation, hypertensive nephropathy caused by head more than a morning, parts of the forehead. The occipital or temporal rare. Hypertension induced dizziness can be temporary or persistent, blood pressure decreased after the loss, but it is easy to rebound.
Can hypertensive nephrosis develop uremia?
The first thing to be sure is that hypertensive nephropathy can be transformed into uremia if it is poorly controlled
Uremia is end-stage chronic renal failure. The various causes of kidney damage and progressive deterioration may lead to chronic renal failure, which is more common in primary hypertensive nephropathy, changes of renal structure and function in essential hypertension caused by hypertension renal damage, is one of the important cause of end-stage kidney disease.
If you do not get hypertension timely and correct treatment, will destroy the renal vessels, leading to renal ischemia and hypoxia, which cause renal arteriolar sclerosis and secondary renal ischemic lesions, leading to renal failure, eventually developed into renal failure. Early to actively and effectively control the blood pressure will be of great importance for blocking the vicious spiral between hypertension and kidney damage.
In the treatment of hypertensive nephropathy, on the one hand also seriously control the blood pressure of patients, to avoid greater fluctuations, on the other hand, the treatment of the kidney itself is also very important, only two pronged approach will have good results
What should hypertensive nephrosis eat?
Patients with different symptoms of hypertensive nephropathy, the food is different, and diet but the prognosis of hypertensive nephropathy plays a very important role. Therefore, patients with hypertensive nephropathy can choose to adjust the diet condition.
1, hypertensive nephropathy patients should limit the intake of fat. When cooking, choose vegetable oil, you can eat more fish, marine fish contain unsaturated fatty acids, can make cholesterol oxidation, thereby reducing plasma cholesterol, increase the elasticity of capillaries
2, the amount of protein intake in patients with hypertensive nephropathy. The amount of protein per kilogram of body weight should be 1g times a week. 2-3 eat fish protein, can improve blood vessel elasticity and permeability, increased urinary sodium excretion, thereby reducing blood pressure. Hypertension and renal insufficiency, should limit the intake of protein. The protein is also dominated by animal protein food, like milk, egg and so on.
3, hypertensive nephropathy patients eat more food containing potassium (suitable for renal function is the usual). Foods are: beans, beans, tomatoes, zucchini, celery, fresh mushrooms and green leafy vegetables; fruits are oranges, apples, pears, bananas, kiwi, pineapple, watermelon, persimmon, walnut, etc.; and calcium rich and low sodium foods, like potatoes, eggplant, kelp, lettuce. High calcium foods: milk, sour milk, shrimp soup. Eat less meat, because the broth extract of nitrogen increased, can increase uric acid in the body, and the center of gravity, liver, kidney burden.
4, hypertensive nephropathy patients limit the amount of salt intake: daily should gradually reduced to less than 6G, general beer cover to lose gel pad, a flat cover salt, about 6g.
Watch out for the salt: monosodium glutamate, soy sauce, tomato sauce, mustard, pickles, pickles, sausages, luncheon meat, beef sauce, chicken, cooked food, frozen food, canned food, and instant food
5, hypertensive nephropathy patients should grasp the low sugar diet. Sweets high sugar content, can be converted into fat in the body, so that atherosclerosis
In conclusion, it is important for patients with kidney disease to adjust their diet dynamically according to their condition!