Chronic kidney disease can cause chronic renal failure. And then developed into uremia. Not only the cost of treatment is expensive. Quality of life is obviously decreased, but also it can cause high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, gout, easy to get infection, malnutrition and premature death and other serious consequences. According to the survey, the long-term survival rate of end stage chronic kidney disease uremia is lower than that of many cancer patients. Many cases of early kidney disease mostly have no symptoms, the patient only appeared abnormal urine examination. Even need kidney pathological examination (renal biopsy) to clear. This has led to a serious shortage of knowledge about kidney disease in our society and the public. So found it too late.
Hypertension is a global problem, and hypertension is the most important risk factor for the progression and deterioration of diabetes and non-diabetic chronic kidney disease. The growth and aging of the world's population is the most common risk factor for hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease progression. Nearly one billion people worldwide are suffering from high blood pressure (defined as> 140 / 90mmHg), which is expected to increase to 156 million by 2025 year. Moreover, hypertensive patients with high body mass index (BMI) is more common (BMI ≥ 35 prevalence rate of 60% vs BMI 23 prevalence rate of 32%). More than half of adults in 1999-2004 were aware that they were suffering from high blood pressure; only less than half of the hypertensive patients were controlled by drugs; less than two-thirds of the patients were controlled to 140/90 mmHg.
According to the survey, only about 5% of patients with kidney disease know that they are sick. Which led to doctors in the clinical often encountered in patients with kidney disease has been quite serious, and even developed into a case of renal failure until they visited doctors. The theme of 2009 World Kidney Day will be high blood pressure and kidney disease: connections should be broken up. What is the incidence of chronic kidney disease worldwide? The incidence of chronic kidney disease continues to increase worldwide, and the incidence of end-stage renal disease continues to increase. Hypertension and diabetes are the most common but not the only cause of chronic kidney disease.