Nephritis is a group of diseases with glomerular fibrosis as the main pathology. Chronic glomerulonephritis, referred to as chronic nephritis, refers to a variety of causes caused by different pathological types of bilateral glomerular diffuse or focal inflammation changes, clinical onset of concealment, long course of disease, the disease more developed a slow Group of primary glomerular disease in general, chronic nephritis is a variety of causes, different pathological morphology, and clinical manifestations of a similar group of glomerular diseases, their common performance is edema, hypertension and abnormal urine changes.
Edema: in the course of the disease, the majority of patients may experience varying degrees of edema. The degree of edema can be light and heavy. Only when the light gets up in the morning can the eyes appear swollen around the eyes or edema in the lower limbs and legs in the afternoon. Severe systemic edema may occur in the patient. However, there are very few patients who do not experience edema throughout the course of the disease and are often overlooked.
Hypertension: some patients with hypertension symptoms to the hospital for treatment, the doctor should know their urine tests after chronic nephritis is caused by elevated blood pressure. For patients with chronic nephritis, hypertension is a process sooner or later, the blood pressure is abnormal changes of persistent urine: abnormal urine is almost in patients with chronic nephritis have some abnormal phenomenon, including urine volume changes and microscopic examination. The patient with edema will decrease urine volume, and the more serious the edema, the more obvious the decrease of urine volume. The majority of the patients without edema are normal urine. When the patient's kidneys are seriously damaged and the concentration of urine is impaired, the amount of nocturia and the decrease of urine gravity are also increased. The urine of patients with chronic nephritis under the microscope observation, you can find almost all patients have proteinuria, urinary protein content varies. In the urine sediment, we can see the degree of unequal red blood cells, white blood cells, granular tube type, transparent tube type. When acute attack, can have obvious hematuria, and even appear gross hematuria. In addition, even in patients with chronic nephritis of dizziness, insomnia, anorexia, lassitude, fatigue, anemia and other symptoms of varying degrees.