With the increasing of CKD patients, although the rapid development of renal replacement treatment can prolong the survival of patients with end-stage renal failure, but complications (cardiovascular complications, renal osteodystrophy, malnutrition, anemia) has become increasingly prominent, has become a major factor affecting the survival of patients. Among them, malnutrition is closely related with the survival of patients the ratio of CKD, and through reasonable nutrition treatment, can improve the nutritional status of patients, improve metabolism, delay the progression of CKD, improve the survival rate of the patients, long-term benefit.
1, low protein diet
Daily food in the total protein less than 0.5 gram per kilogram of body weight, basically the vegetarian diet. Suitable for kidney disease with renal dysfunction or uremia. Clinical optional fresh vitamin rich foods, such as apples, celery, cauliflower, tomato, melon, rice, noodles.
2, high protein diet
General in the diet on the basis of the increased protein content. Per kg of body weight 1.5 to 2 grams. The calculation for kidney disease high protein hematuria induced by plasma protein is low, the swelling potential dropped significant weight loss without renal failure. The clinical optional fresh meat, fish, carp, sea cucumbers, eggs and other animal food, not optional liver, kidney, heart, eggs, eat beans, barley, corn and so on.
3, low fat diet
Selection of the food oil, low cholesterol content. For renal insufficiency or elevated blood lipids in patients with renal disease. Clinical optional fresh seaweed, seaweed, black fungus, hawthorn, lotus, onion, celery, water chestnuts, kelp, rice, pasta and so on.
4, a high calorie diet
Increase the number of meals in the diet, increase snacks, sweets, sweets. Apply to chronic nephritis, chronic renal failure and no diabetes in patients with kidney disease
5, low salt, no salt diet
The salt content in the food is below 5 grams per day for low salt, no salt for non salt diet. For acute, chronic kidney disease, edema, high blood pressure
The dietary principles of chronic nephritis are principles of high quality, low protein, low salt, low phosphorus, low animal fat, low potassium, high calorie diet:
The high quality protein biological potency. For example: egg, meat, milk, should be accounted for more than 60%, as little as possible to eat protein rich plant foods. (report: high quality low protein content: 1 egg, 6 grams of protein, 1 two (50 grams), lean meat 10 grams of protein, 100 grams of milk is about 3 grams of protein).
The low salt diet for patients with edema of water and sodium intake should be based on the patient swelling degree, quantity of urine, daily changes in weight, content of blood pressure, serum sodium, cardiopulmonary function and the doctor specific formulation, so that standard.
The low animal fat diet: nephropathy patients advocate the use of rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids of vegetable oil, fish oil and so on.
The low potassium diet: into the renal failure stage, high potassium tendency or high potassium patients should be low potassium diet, to prevent hyperkalemia on nerve muscle system, even cause adverse effects on the heart, life threatening.
Warm reminder nephropathy patients pay attention to daily health, diet should be taboo, strict control of fatty food intake, protein food to be different