Nephritis, regardless of age, even children may also suffer. If children suffer from nephritis, in the diet should pay attention to what conditions? Here, take a look at the children's nephritis diet guidelines.
Children with nephritis patients because the body form and function of a series of changes, children nephritis diet also need to have their special requirements. Patients must be a reasonable diet, balanced nutrition plays an important role in maintaining children's health and longevity. Children with nephritis nephritis disease recovery also need children nephritis diet nursed back to health.
Dietary guidelines for nephritis in children:
1, should be low protein, low phosphorus diet
Low protein and low phosphorus diet can reduce glomerular hypertension, high perfusion and high filtration state delay decreased glomerular sclerosis and renal function in patients with chronic nephritis in children. Therefore, protein intake should be appropriate, of which more than 60% should be of high quality protein, such as eggs, dairy products, lean meat, fish and other food to low phosphorus. The main lotus root starch, vermicelli, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, celery, spinach, egg, tomatoes, melons, and sugarcane; in addition, the intake of protein restriction can also achieve the purpose of low phosphorus.
2, adequate carbohydrates should be taken
Children with chronic nephritis patients due to the restriction of protein intake, the heat is mainly composed of carbohydrates to supply, so dietary carbohydrate should be increased, in order to meet the body needs for energy. In addition, provide adequate heat can reduce the consumption of protein, reduce the kidney burden, and can make a small amount of protein intake is completely used to repair and growth the development of the organization. For patients with chronic nephritis of food vermicelli, vermicelli, potato, lotus root starch.
3, the intake of sodium salt should be limited
For patients with obvious edema, chronic nephritis hypertension should limit salt diet, general requirements for sodium intake per day is 1 ~ 3G, children with chronic nephritis can be prescribed to increase or decrease dosage. All kinds of pickle salted fish, should be hanged, the edema subsided before the increase of salt gradually; eat low sodium foods such as, coix seed, rice, flour, zucchini, eggplant, cucumber and so on.
4, adequate drinking water
Water consumption is generally not limited, but it should not be too much, especially with chronic edema and oliguria of children with chronic nephritis patients, so be sure to pay attention to water intake
5, vitamin and iron supplementation
Patients with chronic nephritis due to illness duration, poor appetite, eating less and the effect of vitamin intake, therefore, chronic nephritis patients should pay attention to eat rich in vitamin A, B and C in food, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, to prevent vitamin deficiency. Chronic nephritis patients often accompanied by symptoms of anemia, is mainly caused by lack of blood raw materials therefore, patients with chronic nephritis should also use some iron rich foods, such as liver, egg, tomato, red dates and green leafy vegetables, but also should pay attention to folic acid and vitamin B12.
6, high calcium diet
Patients with chronic nephritis in children to eat more calcium rich foods, such as small shrimp, eat green vegetables and potatoes, carrots, lettuce, avoid eating or affect the absorption of calcium oxalate in spinach, bamboo shoots, celery, beans, Jichi pepper, spices, mustard, pepper, coffee and so on.
7, fat intake
Patients often have hyperlipidemia, which can cause atherosclerosis and glomerular damage, hardening, etc., therefore, children's nephritis syndrome diet should limit the internal organs of animals, fat meat, certain seafood and other foods rich in cholesterol and fat intake