Pediatric nephritis generally refers to glomerulonephritis, is a bilateral kidney diffuse, non-suppurative disease. Occurred in school-age children, 6-9 years old most common. Nephritis is not a pathogen-induced infection, but because of the pathogen into the human body, causing a series of autoimmune reactions produced in the body, causing kidney damage and disease.
First should be low protein, low phosphorus diet
Low protein and low-phosphorus diet can reduce glomerular hyperbaric, high perfusion and high filtration state, delay glomerular sclerosis and renal function decline. Therefore, children with chronic nephritis in patients with protein intake should be appropriate, of which more than 60% should be high-quality protein, such as eggs, dairy products, lean meat, fish and so on. Low-phosphorus foods are mainly lotus root starch, vermicelli, cabbage, cabbage, egg white, celery, spinach, tomatoes, melons, sugar cane, etc .; In addition, by limiting the intake of protein can also achieve the purpose of low phosphorus.
Second, adequate intake of carbohydrates
Children with chronic nephritis patients due to restrictions on protein intake, heat is mainly provided by the carbohydrates, so the diet of sugar should be appropriately increased to meet the body's demand for heat. In addition, adequate heat supply can reduce the consumption of protein, reduce the burden on the kidneys, and can make a small amount of protein intake for tissue repair and growth and development. Suitable for chronic nephritis patients with powder skin, vermicelli, potatoes, lotus root starch and so on.
Third, should limit the intake of sodium salt
For patients with obvious edema, hypertension, chronic nephritis patients should be limited salt diet, the general requirements of sodium salt intake of 1 to 3g per day, children with chronic nephritis patients may be prescribed discretionary increase or decrease. Salted fish, all kinds of pickles should be hanged, until the edema subsided before gradually increase the amount of salt; eat more low sodium foods such as Coix Seed, rice, flour, zucchini, eggplant, cucumber and so on.
Fourth, the appropriate amount of water
Drinking water is generally not limited, but should not be too much, especially with obvious edema and oliguria in children with chronic nephritis patients, so be sure to pay attention to water intake.
Five, add vitamins and iron
Chronic nephritis patients may be due to long course of disease, poor appetite, eating less and affect the intake of vitamins, therefore, chronic nephritis patients should pay attention to eating foods rich in vitamins a, b and c, such as fresh vegetables and fruits to prevent vitamins lack of. Chronic nephritis patients often accompanied by anemia symptoms, mainly caused by the lack of hematopoietic raw materials, so patients with chronic nephritis should also use some iron-rich foods such as liver, eggs, tomatoes, red dates and green leafy vegetables, but also pay attention Folic acid and vitamin b12 supplement.
Six, high calcium diet
Children with chronic nephritis patients eat more calcium-rich foods such as shrimp, eat green leafy vegetables and potatoes, carrots, lettuce, etc., to avoid eating oxalic acid or more affected by calcium absorption of spinach, bamboo shoots, celery, beans, bogey mustard, Peppers, spices, peppers, coffee and so on.