Asymptomatic proteinuria or hematuria, proteinuria loss is not much (1-2 g / day), can give the general diet, a little salt. If the proteinuria loss more, or hypoglycemic protein, no azotemia, may be appropriate to increase the quality of protein in the diet. According to the normal daily demand per kilogram of body weight supply, still need to consider increasing the amount of urine lost protein. However, according to the recent view, long-term high protein load will increase the burden on the kidneys, the results accelerate the deterioration of renal function.
Chronic glomerulonephritis acute attack, edema or hypertension should limit the amount of salt intake, 2-4 grams per day is appropriate. High edema should be controlled in the following 2 grams per day, salted fish, all kinds of pickles should be hanged, until the edema subsided after the sodium salt and then gradually increased. In addition to significant edema outside the drinking water should not be limited. Plasma protein low and no azotemia should be high protein diet, the daily protein should be 60 to 80 grams or higher. The presence of azotemia should limit the total amount of protein intake, 40 grams per day or less, the supply of essential amino acids rich in high quality protein, diet and nutritional supplements and vitamins, fruits and vegetables is not limited.
Chronic renal Hypertension in patients with renal function mostly moderate damage, in order to control blood pressure, reduce the symptoms of edema, should limit salt intake, given less salt diet, severe short-term given salt-free diet. As more into the sodium salt can not only increase blood pressure, and can increase kidney damage, so even if the blood pressure returned to normal, but also to light food is appropriate to avoid further deterioration of renal function, protein quality should also be appropriate control.
Renal dysfunction, should be appropriate to limit the amount of protein intake, the daily intake of the total (including the staple food contained) less than 30 to 40 grams, the use of milk, eggs and other high quality protein prices, and may be appropriate to adjust the fish, Meat, chicken and other animal protein to increase appetite. When the patient significantly reduced renal function, do not over-limit the sodium salt, so as to avoid insufficient blood volume increased renal function and even azotemia.
The above is about the different stages of chronic nephritis diet related to the introduction of different patients need different diet, the need for patients according to their actual condition to consult their own attending physician or contact our online experts, our experts will give detailed guidance according the patient conditions.