Elderly people suffer from chronic disease and the risk of dying from kidney disease is greater
As the improvement of people's living conditions, a bad eating habits, such as lack of exercise makes the elderly hypertension, diabetes, stroke and other chronic disease prevalence rate rising year by year, and these common consequences of chronic disease is chronic kidney disease. Elderly chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy, high uric acid nephropathy, etc, on the basis of chronic disease merge kidney disease can make the risk of suffering from the disease of the old man death multiplied.
At the same time, high blood pressure, diabetes and so on also will aggravate the deterioration of chronic kidney disease and once the kidney function, the degree of deterioration is likely to make kidney function completely within the next 10 years the state of uremia. And the kidney replacement therapy -- kidney transplant or long-term dialysis -- required for urea, which is very "burning money," can have a huge financial burden on patients and their families.
Chronic kidney disease is hidden, and the elderly and their families need to be vigilant
The ability of the kidneys to filter blood is like a sieve, and the ability of the kidneys to filter is the main way clinicians assess the function of the kidney. The clinical main method is to determine the function of the kidney by pumping blood and examining urea and creatinine. The rapid changes in blood urea and creatinine in the elderly can be treated as kidney disease. But the rise of urea and creatinine in the blood usually does not have any symptoms, so it is suggested that the elderly should be given blood urea and creatinine during routine physical examinations each year.
The elderly and the reducing of social communication and misunderstanding of chronic kidney disease has also made many elderly patients who failed to see a doctor and diagnosis, delayed the treatment of late. Chronic kidney disease is hidden and lacks specific clinical manifestations. Old people, especially his family, should be more understand the symptoms of kidney damage, such as ankle edema, since morning eyelid edema, itchy skin, red color of urine or bubble urine, timely diagnosis and treatment.
Long-term use of drugs requires regular monitoring of kidney function
Many drugs do harm to the kidneys, especially the elderly. At present, the most harmful drugs for the kidneys are antibiotics, followed by non-steroid drugs (such as quick-acting cold medicine, analgesics). Therefore, the elderly should not blindly believe in medicine, especially traditional Chinese medicine, and should not be able to eat the folk remedies of the so-called "miracle doctors". Remember, "it's a drug," and any drug can be harmful to your kidneys.
But old people because of weak constitution, the resistance is low, the disease is small, medicine is inevitable. And active treatments for diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes need long-term medication control. Then take note when taking medication: check kidney function and urine before taking the drug. The same drugs try to choose less toxic; Adjust the dosage in time when kidney function changes; Drink water frequently during the period of taking the medicine and observe kidney function closely. And these should be done under the guidance of the doctor.
Early detection, early control, chronic kidney disease is not terrible
In spite of this, through early detection and control of chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, change bad living habits, kidney protection treatment, control of metabolic disorders, reduce cardiovascular risk factors such as prevention and control measures, a lot of elderly chronic kidney disease can be prevented and treated.
After the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease, the elderly should pay attention to the adjustment of lifestyle on the basis of active treatment. Foods should be light and regular, salt and phosphorus should be controlled, drinking more water and drinking less, and people with gout should pay attention to the foods that are low in purine. Strengthen physical exercise, strengthen the constitution, improve the resistance and prevent infection. The infection also causes acute damage to the kidney.
Receive replacement therapy in time and maintain quality of life
Once chronic kidney disease enters the stage of urea, the elderly should be aware of chronic kidney disease and renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis). A few decades ago, uremia, or a terminally ill, and today, due to the development of modern medicine, through the replacement therapy, patients with can live and work like a normal person, a contribution to society. In developed countries, the elderly kidney function has become the subject of dialysis treatment. The data suggest that, by proper management, elderly dialysis patients can maintain a good and stable quality of life. Also note that even patients who receive dialysis should be aware of moderate exercise and that it is wrong to think that dialysis is the only way to stay in bed. The right amount of exercise can help patients win back their health and help them in their optimistic mood.